Nigeria is a the Federal Republic. The country consists of a total of 36 states and a federal capital region.
Each state has a capital city and many local government units. In Nigeria, there are 774 local governments, 21 out of every province.
Capital city : Abuja
Official Language : English
Area : 920.000 Km2
It is the largest in Africa and the seventh largest in the world with a population of nearly 200 million. There are about 250 ethnic groups in the country. The largest groups are Hausa and Fulani with 29%, Yoruba with 21%, Igbo with 18%, Ijaw with 10% and Kanuri with 4%.
Muslims lives mostly in northern Nigeria and Christians in the south. It is the country with the highest Muslim population in Africa with approximately 90 million Muslim population. Besides, it has 80 million Christian population.
60% of the population is under 24 years old. Literacy rate is over 60%.
It is the largest economy and the fastest growing economy of Africa. Foreign trade surplus giving Nigeria is expected to be among the 11 largest economies in the world by 2050.
GDP : 480 Billion USD (2015)
National Income per Person : 5.900 USD
Crude Oil Reserves : 37 Billion Barrel
Natural Gas Reserves : 5.2 Trillion m3
In addition to hosting the most populous population of the African continent, Nigeria stands out with its rich natural resources and agricultural areas. In the 920 thousand km2 country, beside oil and natural gas, a large number of mines and minerals are available, such as Niobium, Lead, Zinc, which are used in the Tin, Iron, Coal, Steel alloy.
According to the figures of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Nigeria is the 8th country with the most oil reserves in the world and 9th in the natural gas reserves.
The climate of Nigeria, which is located in the north of the equator line, differs by region. This allows diversity in agriculture. The southern part of the country is under the influence of the equatorial climate. More drought is seen in the north.